TRENTON – Legislation sponsored by Senator Shirley K. Turner requiring the mandatory background checks of family day care providers cleared the full Senate today.
“This protection is long overdue,” said Senator Turner (D-Hunterdon/Mercer). “Many families are struggling to keep up with the costs of child care, and family child care providers are often a more affordable option for working parents. However, parents choosing the more affordable option deserve to know that their provider and the people in those homes have not been convicted of crimes that may place their children’s safety at risk.”
Under current law, a family day care is a private residence in which child care services are provided for a fee to three to five children at any one time for no less than 15 hours per week. Family day care providers are not required to register with the Department of Children and Families (DCF); instead, registration is voluntary. Providers enrolled in the voluntary system are able to qualify for the purchase of insurance, enroll in the Child Care Food Program, list their homes with statewide child care resource and referral agencies, and provide care for children through state-funded programs.
The bill, S-651, provides that as a condition of issuance or renewal of a certificate or registration as a family day care provider, DCF is to ensure that a State and federal criminal history record background check be conducted on a person registering as a prospective or current family day care provider. Furthermore, assistants, substitute providers, or any household member 18 years of age or older of the prospective or current family day care provider would also be subject to the background checks.
The bill also provides that DCF is not to issue a certificate or renewal of registration to a prospective or current family day care provider if the criminal history record background checks required under the bill reveals a record of conviction for any of the 14 crimes and offenses enumerated in the bill. The crimes include murder, sexual assault, abuse, kidnapping, domestic violence, stalking, and endangering the welfare of a child.
Additionally, under the bill a refusal to consent to, or cooperate in, the securing of a criminal history record background check would result in denial of a certificate of registration as a family day care provider.
This legislation is in correlation with the new federal regulations put in place requiring both new and existing family day care providers to be subject to background checks. Those regulations will take effect by October 1, 2017.
S-651 cleared the full Senate 37-0 and will now head to the Assembly for further consideration.