TRENTON – Legislation sponsored by Senator Fred Madden (D – Gloucester, Camden) that will establish uniform procedures to address interstate conflicts regarding adult guardianship issues has been signed into law.
“For too long confusion has reigned regarding this issue. Arguments and questions over which state had jurisdiction have simply delayed the more important issue of establishing guardianship and protective orders. This law will remedy all of that and is, frankly, long over due,” said Madden.
The bill, known as the “New Jersey Adult Guardianship and Protective Proceedings Jurisdiction Act,” (S1755) will establish that a New Jersey court will have jurisdiction to appoint a guardian or issue a protective order for a person if: New Jersey is that person’s “home state”; on the date the petition is filed New Jersey is a state with a “significant connection”; or if the home state and all significant connection states have declined jurisdiction.
The law also sets forth procedures regarding the sharing of the information between courts concerning guardianship and protective proceedings. This information includes: testimony; evidence; evaluations and assessments; transcripts; and medical, financial, criminal or other relevant information.
The American Bar Association Commission on Law and Aging has found that these kinds of uniform procedures regarding guardianship can have a profound impact on reducing elder abuse. Elder abuse can include physical and sexual abuse, financial exploitation, psychological or emotional abuse, neglect by others, abandonment, and sometimes self-neglect.
Previously, there was no state law governing the jurisdiction, transfer and enforcement of adult guardianships and protective proceedings. The law is modeled after the “Uniform Adult Guardianship and Protective Proceedings Jurisdiction Act,” which was approved in 2007 by the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws and which has been adopted in 30 states and the District of Columbia and has been introduced in seven others. The New Jersey State Bar Association Board of Trustees, Legislative Committee and Elder Law Section all endorsed S1755.