Weinberg, Sweeney, Cunningham, Greenstein Join Legislators In More than 20 States Working to Close Wage Gap As Part of National ‘Equal Pay Can’t Wait’ Effort
PISCATAWAY – Senate Majority Leader Loretta Weinberg, joined by Senate President Steve Sweeney, Senator Sandra Bolden Cunningham and Senator Linda Greenstein, today announced new legislation to close the wage gap between men and women in New Jersey. The announcement took place at the Rutgers Center for Women and Work, and was held on the 7th Anniversary of President Obama’s enactment of the landmark Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act. The senators’ work is part of an effort by legislators in states across the country to ensure women are paid equally for doing the same work as men.
“Seven years after enactment of this landmark law, women in New Jersey and across the country still earn less than men for the same work. In 2016, this is unacceptable,” said Senator Weinberg, the lead sponsor of the bill. “If we continue at the current pace, research shows it will take decades to achieve pay equity in New Jersey and more than 100 years to reach this point as a country. We have to take action for residents who are working to make ends meet. We also have to do this for our daughters and granddaughters, to make sure they grow up knowing that their work is just as valuable as their male counterparts’ and under policies that treat them equally. We are introducing legislation to close the wage gap in New Jersey that will be advanced in the new legislative session. Equal pay can’t wait.”
“It is a disgrace that in this day and age, women continue to make less than men for doing the exact same work. Equal pay will raise wages for women, helping families to get ahead, and it will benefit the entire state by strengthening the economy,” said Senator Sweeney. “I want to thank Senator Weinberg, who has championed this effort, and our colleagues for their commitment to pay equity. We are going to make this a priority in the new session, because this is an issue that matters.”
The federal Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Restoration Act extended the time period in which individuals can bring pay discrimination claims, resetting the statute of limitations each time a discriminatory paycheck is issued. It is named for Ledbetter, who after working for 19 years at the Goodyear plant in Gadsden, Alabama, learned through an anonymous note that she was paid less than her male coworkers for doing the same job. Ledbetter was unable to recoup the lost wages due to expiration of the statute of limitations.
The federal law marked significant progress in closing the wage gap, but there is more work to do. In 2016, women in the United States make only 79 cents for every dollar a man makes. In New Jersey, on average, women make 80.4 cents for each dollar a man makes. The wage gap is much greater for women of color: African-American women make 58.1 cents for every dollar a man does; for Latinas, the wage statistic is 42.7 cents. Declaring ‘Equal Pay Can’t Wait,’ legislators in more than 20 states are taking part in a week of action to address pay discrimination, which affects millions of working families in the United States.
The new legislation announced today, which is sponsored by Senators Weinberg, Sweeney and Cunningham, would help to close the wage gap in New Jersey through changes to the law that will combat pay discrimination.
“Racial and gender inequality still exists in modern day society. Things are changing, but not fast enough,” said Senator Cunningham (D-Hudson). “As a new generation of women enters the working world, they should enter it knowing that society is acknowledging them as equals, no matter their gender, race, or religion.”
Between 1980 and 2000, women’s earnings grew while men’s wages remained unchanged, helping to narrow the gap in pay between men and women. However, progress has slowed, and in every state in the nation, women on average still earn less than men, according to research from the Institute for Women’s Policy Research. If wages continue to change at the current pace, women in New Jersey will not see equal pay until the year 2055, the organization found, and women in all states would not achieve pay equity until the next century.
“It’s a shame that even now, in the 21st Century, we are still waging the fight for equal pay for equal work. While the Fair Pay Act was a huge step forward to ensuring that women have recourse when subjected to unfair pay practices, more progress needs to be made,” said Senator Greenstein, a co-sponsor of the legislation. “New Jersey must live up to the standard of equal pay for equal work for all people, regardless of gender, race, ethnicity or other social consideration. I look forward to being a part of that effort.”
“Research on pay equity is central to our work, because it is a measure of women’s status in the workplace. When the pay gap has been eliminated, we will know we have reached equality,” said Dr. Terri Boyer, Executive Director, Rutgers’ Center for Women and Work. “Women are increasingly responsible for the economic security of their families. For women of color, the impacts of pay inequality are often even greater felt as they are more likely than white women to be heads of household. Closing the wage gap will strengthen families and our economy.”
The legislation would:
- Prohibit unequal pay for “substantially similar” work, under the Law Against Discrimination (LAD). The legislation would make it unlawful for an employer to pay a rate of compensation, including benefits, to an employee of one sex less than the rate paid to an employee of the other sex for substantially similar work when viewed as a composite of skill, effort and responsibility, unless specific conditions apply.
- Require different rate of compensation be justified by factors other than sex. The bill permits an employer to pay a different rate of compensation if the employer demonstrates that the differential is made pursuant to a seniority system, a merit system, or is based on legitimate, bona fide factors other than sex, such as training, education, experience, or the quantity or quality of production. It requires that each factor is applied reasonably, that one or more of the factors account for the entire wage differential, and that the factor or factors do not perpetuate a sex-based differential in compensation, are job-related and based upon legitimate business necessities. Comparison of wage rates would be based on those in all of an employer’s operations or facilities.
- Restart statute of limitations for each instance of discrimination. Provides that a discriminatory compensation decision or other employment practice that is unlawful under the LAD occurs each time that compensation is paid in furtherance of that discriminatory decision or practice – effectively making each paycheck another instance of discrimination, reflecting the language in the federal Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act.
- Prohibit employer retaliation against employee for disclosing compensation. Employers could not take reprisals against an employee for disclosing information about the job title, occupational category, and rate of compensation of any employees or former employees, as well as other information. It would prohibit an employer from requiring an employee or prospective employee to forgo rights to make or request those disclosures.
- Require transparency in state contracting. Requires contractors to provide information on gender, race, job title, occupational category and compensation, and to report certain changes during the course of the contract; information must be filed with Labor Commissioner and Division of Civil Rights. The bill requires disclosure to employees and their authorized representatives upon request.
The bill will be introduced next week and is expected to be heard in the Senate Labor Committee on February 4.